A gadfly is a person who interferes with the status quo of a society or community by posing novel, potentially upsetting questions, usually directed at authorities. The term is originally associated with the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates in his defense when on trial for his life.

(“Gadfly (Philosophy and Social Science)” 2022)

References

“Gadfly (Philosophy and Social Science).” 2022. Wikipedia, June. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gadfly_(philosophy_and_social_science)&oldid=1094755746.