Using http://www.example.com:8080/foo/bar?baz=boo&color=blue#cats as an example (MDN n.d.):

Name From the example
Scheme http
Authority www.example.com:8080
Host www.example.com
Port 8080
Path /foo/bar
Parameters ?baz=boo&color=blue
Anchor #cats

References

MDN. n.d. “What Is a URL?” Accessed July 20, 2022. https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Learn/Common_questions/What_is_a_URL.